What's Affecting Oil Prices This Week (Oct. 23, 2017)?

Monday, October 23, 2017 - 11:09am

In the week since our last edition of What’s Affecting Oil Prices Brent averaged $57.76/bbl, in line with Stratas Advisors’ belief that prices would strengthen.

For the upcoming week Stratas Advisors expect prices to hold most of these gains, averaging $57.50/bbl. Stratas Advisors also expect the Brent-West Texas Intermediate (WTI) differential to average $5.50/bbl.

The supporting rationale for the forecast is provided below.

Geopolitical: Positive

Tensions remain high in northern Iraq, with Kurdish shipments of oil through the Ceyhan pipeline sharply reduced. Leaders of the two major Kurdistan political parties have announced they are willing to enter negotiations with Iraq, a move that is likely to forestall any more military maneuvers on the part of Baghdad. Iraq has swiftly reclaimed and occupied all territory outside of the Kurdish mandated borders, but it is unclear when oil production will resume at normal levels.

Dollar: Neutral

The latest Commodity Futures Trading Commission numbers show the outlook for the dollar improving slightly as speculators reduced short positioning; however, net positioning remains short. If tax reform remains on track, there could be an uptick in long positioning. Overall, crude remains more influenced by fundamentals and sentiment, but strength in the dollar could still lend some support to crude.

Trader Sentiment: Neutral

Hedge fund managers have a mixed outlook on prices. Funds increased their bearish positions on WTI last week while taking a more bullish stance on Brent, removing shorts and increasing long positions. However, overall open interest has generally trended up, indicating that traders are generally more willing to place bets on the market.

Supply: Positive

The Energy Information Adminstration’s weekly production estimates saw a strong drop last week, which was likely almost entirely caused by the temporary shut-ins from Hurricane Nate. As such, the number normalizing this week should not spook markets. Baker Hughes (NYSE: BHGE) reported a third decrease in U.S. oil rigs, with operating oil rigs falling by seven last week. Globally, OPEC continues to publically discuss the likelihood of extending its ongoing supply deal, and Iraqi volumes remain offline due to regional fighting in Kurdistan.

Demand: Positive

Demand remains healthy in the U.S., with strong product exports indicating a decent appetite elsewhere as well. The dip in reported diesel demand last week was likely a one-off weather-related occurrence and will reverse in this week’s numbers. Preliminary reports indicate that the shipping industry expects a strong finish to the year spurred by holiday shopping, a positive for demand. In Europe, gasoil and gasoline stocks continue their steady decline, although other fuels’ performance has been more mixed.

Refining: Neutral

Margins were a mixed bag last week, but they remain at or above seasonal averages in all major enclaves. Margins in Europe fell the most, with Brent cracking in Rotterdam down $2.81/bbl and Urals cracking in the Mediterranean down $0.83/bbl. Margins in Asia increased slightly, while margins on the Gulf Coast were mixed.

How We Did

Ashley Petersen

Ashley Petersen is the Lead Oil Market Analyst at Stratas Advisors, a global consulting and analytics provider for all facets of the oil and gas markets and related industries. Ashley has over 5 years’ experience analyzing crude oil markets with an emphasis on Atlantic Basin fundamentals.

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